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Some of the reference designs from Trenz Electronics include a preconfigured Yocto BSP layer. This is a short description of how to use the BSP layer to create a Linux image with the Yocto project for the Board.

Prepare Yocto Project


The Yocto BSP layer will be generated with the quartus project in the <project name>/os/yocto/meta-<module> folder. The generated layers depends on the meta-altera layer (for more information see: Yocto KICKstart#Used source files).

  1. Download a reference design that includes a Yocto BSP layer
  2. Generate the Quartus project as described in the wiki description of the downloaded reference design or in Project Delivery - Intel devices#Quick Start
  3. Copy the generated meta-<module> folder from <project name>/os/yocto/meta-<module> to the path/to/yocto/poky/ directory
  4. Follow the steps from Yocto KICKstart#Create a project for an Intel FPGA device without running the 'bitbake' command
  5. Add the generated BSP layer meta-<machine> to /yocto/poky/build/conf/bblayers.conf with:

    bitbake-layers add-layer ../meta-<module>

Generate linux image


There are two options to generate an image with the provided Yocto BSP layer:

  1. Generate an image with a minimal RAM-based root filesystem, which is bundled inside the kernel image.
  2. Generate an image with a root filesystem on sd card with its own partition.

For the reference design, the generation of an image with an init RAM filesystem is preferred.

Image with initial RAM filesystem

  1. Redefine the variable MACHINE with '<module>-<Board-Part-Short-Name>' in path/to/yocto/poky/build/conf/local.conf 
    1. A list with the correct MACHINE names can be found in the wiki description of the reference design: Overview→Requirements→Hardware
    2. run following commands to redefine 'MACHINE':

      sed -i '/^MACHINE/s/MACHINE/#MACHINE/g' conf/local.conf
      echo -e '\nMACHINE = "<module>-<Board-Part-Short-Name>"' >> conf/local.conf
  2. Define the variables INITRAMFS_IMAGE_BUNDLE and INITRAMFS_IMAGE to create an image with initial RAM filesystem

    echo -e '\nINITRAMFS_IMAGE_BUNDLE = "1"' >> conf/local.conf
    echo -e 'INITRAMFS_IMAGE = "te-initramfs"' >> conf/local.conf
  3. Build the image with following command (the image recipes are located in meta-<module>/recipes-core/images/):

    bitbake te-image-minimal

Image with root filesystem on SD card

  1. Redefine the variable MACHINE with '<module>-<Board-Part-Short-Name>' in path/to/yocto/poky/build/conf/local.conf 
    1. A list with the correct MACHINE names can be found in the wiki description of the reference design: Overview→Requirements→Hardware
    2. run following commands to redefine 'MACHINE':

      sed -i '/^MACHINE/s/MACHINE/#MACHINE/g' conf/local.conf
      echo -e '\nMACHINE = "<module>-<Board-Part-Short-Name>"' >> conf/local.conf
  2. Build the image with following command (the image recipes are located in meta-<module>/recipes-core/images/):

    bitbake te-image-minimal

Copy .wic file to SD card


Yocto generates a .wic file which contains all needed files like u-boot, zImage and so on. This file is stored in path/to/yocto/poky/build/tmp/deploy/images/<machine>/<image_name>.wic. If you generate the linux yocto project yourself, using the .wic file is a very simple way to prepare the SD card for booting linux.

Do following steps to copy the .wic file to the SD card:

  1. Insert the SD card into a SD card reader connected to the computer
  2. Run following command to get the device name of the SD card  (e.g. /dev/sdx):

    lsblk
  3. Copy the generated *.wic image to the SD card (replace 'sdx' in 'of=/dev/sdx' with the correct sd card device name:

    sudo dd if=path/to/yocto/poky/build/tmp/deploy/images/<machine>/<image_name>.wic of=/dev/sdx bs=1M seek=0
  4. Insert the SD card into your board, set boot mode to sd card (if the setting is available) and boot it.

Serial Console


  1. Open Serial Console (e.g. PuTTY)
    1. select COM Port

      Win OS: see device manager

      Linux OS: see  dmesg | grep tty  (UART is *USB1)

    2. Speed: 115200
  2. Press reset button on the board
  3. Linux Console:
    1. Login data:

      Note: Wait until Linux boot finished

      Username: root
      Password: root
    2. You can use Linux shell now.

      i2cdetect -y -r 1   (check I2C 1 Bus, if available)
      dmesg | grep rtc    (RTC check, if available)
      udhcpc              (ETH0 check, if available)
      lsusb               (USB check, if available)



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